1109 Experiment St. - Melton Building - Griffin, GA 30223 USA - PH (770) 228-7284 - FAX (770) 229-3216
Dr. Norm Stern

U. S. Dept. of Agriculture
950 College Station Rd., Room 539
Athens, GA 30605-2720
Office Phone: (706) 546-3516
Fax: (706) 546-3531

E-Mail: Norman.Stern@ars.usda.gov

Overview of Research Program
Mechanisms of Salmonella colonization in poultry
Treatment of poultry manure to prevent pathogen transmission
Campylobacter epidemiology, methods development & interventions in poultry
Recent Publications (2003 - present)

Volozhantsev, N.V., V.V. Verevkin, V.A. Bannov, V.M. Krasilnikova, V.P. Myakinina, E.L. Zhilenkov, E.A. Svetoch, N.J. Stern, B.B. Oakley, and B.S. Seal. 2011. The genome sequence and proteome of bacteriophage Phi CPV1 virulent for Clostridium perfringens. Virus Res. 155:433-439.

Svetoch, E.A., B.V. Eruslanov, V.P. Levchuk, V.V. Perelygin, E.V. Mitsevich, I.P. Mitsevich, J. Stephanshin, I. Dyatlov, B.S. Seal, and N.J. Stern. 2011. Isolation of Lactobacillus salivarius 1077 (NRLL B-50053) and characterization of its bacteriocin, including the antimicrobial activity spectrum. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 77:2749-2754.

Van Hoang, K., N.J. Stern, A.M. Saxton, F.Z. Xu, X.M. Zeng, and J. Lin. 2011. Prevalence, development, and molecular mechanisms of bacteriocin resistance in Campylobacter. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 77:2309-2316.

Svetoch, E.A. and N.J. Stern. 2010. Bacteriocins to control Campylobacter spp. in poultry - A review. Poultry Sci. 89:1763-1768.

Svetoch, E.A., B.V. Eruslanov, V.V. Perelygin, V.P. Levchuk, B.S. Seal, and N.J. Stern. 2010. Inducer bacteria, unique signal peptides, and low-nutrient media stimulate in vitro bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus spp. and Enterococcus spp. strains. J. Agric. Food Chem. 58:6033-6038.

Stern, N.J. and J.E. Line. 2009. Enumeration of Campylobacter spp., Escherichia coli, and Salmonella in broiler carcass rinses before and after simulated transport in artificial ice for 24 hours.  J. Food Prot. 72:1099-1101.

Callicott, K.A., H. Haroardottir, F. Georgsson, J. Reiersen, V. Frioriksdottir, E. Gunnarsson, P. Michel, J.R. Bisaillon, K.G. Kristinsson, H. Briem, K.L. Hiett, D.S. Needleman, and N.J. Stern. 2008. Broiler Campylobacter contamination and human campylobacteriosis in Iceland .  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74:6483-6494.

Li, X., C.L. Swaggerty, M.H. Kogut, H. Chiang, W. Wang, K.J. Genovese, H. He, N.J. Stern, I.Y. Pevzner, and H. Zhou. 2008. The paternal effect of Campylobacter jejuni colonization in ceca in broilers.  Poult. Sci. 87:1742-1747.

Line, J.E., E.A. Svetoch, B.V. Eruslanov, V.V. Perelygin, E.V. Mitsevich, I.P. Mitsevich, V.P. Levchuk, O.E. Svetoch, B.S. Seal, G.R. Siragusa, and N.J. Stern. 2008. Isolation and purification of enterocin E-760 with broad antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.  Antimicrobial Agents Chemotherapy 52:1094-1100.

Simmons, M., K. L. Hiett, N. J. Stern, and J. F. Frank.  2008.  Comparison of poultry exudate and carcass rinse sampling methods for the recovery of Campylobacter spp. subtypes demonstrates unique subtypes recovered from exudates.   J. Microbiol. Meth.  74:89-93.

Snelling, W.J., N.J. Stern, C.J. Lowery, J.E. Moore, E. Gibbons, C. Baker, and J.S.G. Dooley. 2008. Colonization of broilers by Campylobacter jejuni internalized within Acanthamoeba castellanii.  Arch. Microbiol. 189:175-179.

Stern, N.J. 2008. Salmonella species and Campylobacter jejuni cecal colonization model in broilers.  Poultry Sci. 87:2399-2403.

Svetoch, E.A., B.V. Eruslanov, V.V. Perelygin, E.V. Mitsevich, I.P. Mitsevich, V.N. Borzenkov, V.P. Levchuk, O.E. Svetoch, Y.N. Kovalev, Y.G. Stepanshin, G.R. Siragusa, B.S. Seal, and N.J. Stern. 2008. Diverse antimicrobial killing by Enterococcus faecium E 50-52 bacteriocin.  J. Agric. Food Chem. 56:1942-1948.

Svetoch, E.A., V.P. Levchuk, V.D. Pokhilenko, B.V. Eruslanov, E.V. Mitsevich, I.P. Mitsevich, V.V. Perelygin, Y.G. Stephanshin, and N.J. Stern. 2008. Inactivating methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and other pathogens by use of bacteriocins OR-7 and E 50-52.  J. Clin. Microbiol. 46:3863-3865.

Hiett, K.L., N.J. Stern, P. Fedorka-Cray, N.A. Cox, and B.S. Seal. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of the flaA short variable region among Campylobacter jejuni isolates collected during an annual evaluation of poultry flocks in the southeastern United States .  Foodborne Pathogens Dis. 4:339-347.

Snelling, W.J., N.J. Stern, C.J. Lowery, J.E. Moore, E. Gibbons, C. Baker, and J.S.G. Dooley. 2007. Colonization of broilers by Campylobacter jejuni internalized within Acanthamoeba castellanii.  Arch. Microbiol. 189:175-179.

Sosunov, V., V. Mischenko, B. Eruslanov, E. Svetoch, Y. Shakina, N. Stern, K. Majorov, G. Sorokoumova, A. Selishcheva, and A. Apt. 2007. Antimycobacterial activity of bacteriocins and their complexes with liposomes.  J. Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 59:919-925.

Stern, N.J., F. Georgsson, R. Lowman, J.R. Bisaillon, J. Reiersen, K.A. Callicott, M. Geirsdóttir, R. Hrolfsdóttir, and K.L. Hiett. 2007. Frequency and enumeration of Campylobacter spp. from processed broiler carcasses by weep and rinse samples. Poultry Sci. 86:394-399.

Zhilenkov, E.L. V.M. Popova, D.V. Popov, L.Y. Zavalsky, E.A. Svetoch, N.J. Stern, and B.S. Seal. 2006. The ability of flagellum-specific Proteus vulgaris bacteriophage PV22 to interact with Campylobacter jejuni flagella in culture.  Virology J. 3: Art. No. 50.

Barrios, P.R., J. Reiersen, R. Lowman, J.R. Bisaillon, P. Michel, V. Fridriksdottir, E. Gunnarsson, N.J. Stern, O. Berke, S. McEwen, and W. Martin. 2006. Risk factors for Campylobacter spp. colonization in broiler flocks in Iceland.  Prev. Vet. Med. 74:264-278.

Callicott, K.A., V. Fridiksdottir, J. Reiersen, R. Lowman, J.R. Bisaillon, E. Gunnarsson, E. Berndtson, K.L. Hiett, D.S. Needleman, and N.J. Stern. 2006. Lack of evidence for vertical transmission of Campylobacter spp. in chickens.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72:5794-5798.

Cole, K., M.B. Farnell, A.M. Donoghue, N.J. Stern, E.A. Svetoch, B.N. Eruslanov, L.I. Volodina, Y.N. Kovalev, V.V. Perelygin, E.V. Mitsevich, I.P. Mitsevich, V.P. Levchuk, V.D. Pokhilenko, V.N. Borzenkov, O.E. Svetoch, T.Y. Kudryavtseva, I. Reyes-Herrera, P.J. Blore, F.S. de los Santos, and D.J. Donoghue. 2006. Bacteriocins reduce Campylobacter colonization and alter gut morphology in turkey poults.  Poultry Sci. 85:1570-1575.

Georgsson, F., A.E. Porkelsson, M. Geirsdottir, J. Reiersen, and N.J. Stern. 2006. The influence of freezing and duration of storage on Campylobacter and indicator bacteria in broiler carcasses.  Food Microbiol. 23:677-683.

Manfreda, G., A. De Cesare, V. Bondioli, N.J. Stern, and A. Franchini. 2006. Enumeration and identity of Campylobacter spp. in Italian broilers.  Poultry Sci. 85:556-562.

Stern, N.J. and S. Pretanik. 2006. Counts of Campylobacter spp. on US broiler carcasses.  J. Food Prot. 69:1034-1039.

Stern, N.J., J. Reiersen, R. Lowman, J.R. Bisaillon, V. Fridriksdottir, E. Gunnarsson, and K.L. Hiett. 2005. Occurrence of Campylobacter spp. in cecal contents among commercial broilers in Iceland .  Foodborne Pathogens Dis. 2:82-89.

Stern, N.J., E.A. Svetoch, B.V. Eruslanov, V.V. Perelygin, E.V. Mitsevich, I.P. Mitsevich, V.D. Pokhilenko, V.P. Levchuk, O.E. Svetoch, and B.S. Seal. 2006. Isolation of a Lactobacillus salivarius strain and purification of its bacteriocin, which is inhibitory to Campylobacter jejuni in the chicken gastrointestinal system.  Antimicrobial Agents Chemotherapy 50:3111-3116.

Sung, K., K.L. Hiett, and N.J. Stern. 2005. Heat-treated Campylobacter and mRNA stability as determined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.  Foodborne Pathogens Dis. 2:130-137.

Callicott, K. A., N. J. Stern, and K. L. Hiett. 2005. Isolation of DNA for PCR assays from noncultivable Campylobacter jejuni isolates.  Poultry Sci. 84:1530-1532.

Stern, N. J., E. A. Svetoch, B. V. Eruslanov, Y. N. Kovalev, L. I. Volodina, V. V. Perelygin, E. V. Mitsevich, I. P. Mitsevich, and V. P. Levchuk. 2005. Paenibacillus polymyxa purified bacteriocin to control Campylobacter jejuni in chickens.  J. Food Prot. 68:1450-1453.

Sung, K. D., N. J. Stern, and K. L. Hiett. 2004. Relationship of messenger RNA reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction signal to Campylobacter spp. viability.  Avian Dis. 48:254-262.

Svetoch, E. A., N. J. Stern, B.V. Eruslanov, Y. N. Kovalev, L. I. Volodina, V. V. Perelygin, E. N. Mitsevich, I. P. Mitsevich, V. D. Pokhilenko, V. N. Borzenkov, V. P. Levchuk, O. E. Svetoch, and T. Y. Kudriavtseva. 2005. Isolation of Bacillus circulans and Paenibacillus polymyxa strains inhibitory to Campylobacter jejuni and characterization of associated bacteriocins.  J. Food Prot. 68:11-17.

Bates, C., K. L. Hiett, and N. J. Stern. 2004. Relationship of Campylobacter isolated from poultry and from darkling beetles in New Zealand .  Avian Dis. 48:138-147.

Stern, N. J., V. A. Bannov, E. A. Svetoch, E. V. Mitsevich, I. P. Mitsevich, N. V. Volozhantsev, V. V. Gusev, and V. V. Perelygin. 2004. Distribution and characterization of Campylobacter spp. from Russian poultry.  J. Food Prot. 67:239-245.

Cox, N. A., S. E. Craven, M. T. Musgrove, M. E. Berrang, and N. J. Stern. 2003. Effect of sub-therapeutic levels of antimicrobials in feed on the intestinal carriage of Campylobacter and Salmonella in turkeys.  J. Appl. Poultry Res. 12:32-36.

Hiett, K. L., G. R. Siragusa, N. A. Cox, R. J. Buhr, M. T. Musgrove, N. J. Stern, and J. L. Wilson. 2003. Genotype analyses of Campylobacter isolated from the gastrointestinal tracts and the reproductive tracts of broiler breeder roosters.  Avian Dis. 47:406-414.

Stern, N. J., K. L. Hiett, G. A. Alfredsson, K. G. Kristinsson, J. Reiersen, H. Hardardottir, H. Briem, E. Gunnarsson, F. Georgsson, R. Lowman, E. Berndtson, A. M. Lammerding, G. M. Paoli, and M. T. Musgrove. 2003. Campylobacter spp. in Icelandic poultry operations and human disease.  Epidemiol. Infect. 130:23-32.

Stern, N. J. and M. C. Robach. 2003. Enumeration of Campylobacter spp. in broiler feces and in corresponding processed carcasses.  J. Food Prot. 66:1557-1563.